THE NATURAL CRADLE OF YOUR WINE

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STONEWARE JARS FOR AGING AND WINEMAKING

With a lower porosity than terracotta, the Stonware is particulary suitable for white and delicate red wines, crystalline wine, delicacy aromas.

https://www.vinetterre.com/wine-jar-stoneware-sphero

Sphero

From 600 to 1000L

STONEWARE JARS FOR AGING AND WINEMAKING

Salt glaze stoneware

The salt glaze finishing on the outside only makes cleaning easy and does not change the porosity.

  • Uprightness, minerality, freshness, purity
  • Delicacy and lightness
  • Respect of the varietal and quality of the fruit
  • Authenticity of aromas
  • Stainless steel valve
  • Silicon bung with or without hole
  • Stainless steel pallet

https://static.wixstatic.com/media/78d9c7_b8aae12dcb6840a7ae41ec3399b1a9b7~mv2.jpg/v1/fill/w_569,h_564,al_c,q_80,usm_1.20_1.00_0.01/amphore-sphero-GRAND-gres-vin-et-terre_j.webp

Inner lining of the terracotta jars: different choices, different objectives

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“Terracotta, unlike wood does not confer aromas to wine – explains Bartoletti – It has an extraordinary capacity for thermal insulation which enables wine to be kept in optimal conditions. The inner lining of the terracotta jars can be decided according to the end results desired. The use of terracotta without any coating allows an intense oxygenation of the wine matured in the jar. With the use of an inner lining such as beeswax part of the gaseous exchange with the outside is reduced, and to further limit it to a bare minimum the inside of the jar can be coated with epoxy resin “.

In short the three choices, and the three different objectives:

1) Jar without lining

Allows maximum permeability of oxygen favouring the maturation of wine, polymerisation and the condensation of tannins and anthocyanins in red wines. Absolutely recommended for all varieties of grape whose resulting wines tend to reduce during aging and which need a good supply of oxygen in order to better express their characteristics.

2) Jar lined with beeswax

Limits the permeability of oxygen thus protecting the wine during aging and enables the jar to be buried in the ground without risk of seepage. Moreover, coating the jar with wax allows more effective cleaning after use.

3) Jar with epoxy coating

Allows the perfect hygiene of the jar before and after use. Greatly limits the passage of oxygen and allows the better management of wines which need a reduction favouring environment. Also ideal for storing wines whose maturation process is finished while they are waiting to be bottled.

The story of Eclipse

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interview with the owners of Eclipse L.L.C., a winery from Tbilisi in Georgia, who became customers of Artenova in 2020

Why did you choose to use Jars made by Artenova?

“The decision to order specifically from Impruneta stems from a variety of factors, it is no secret that getting ceramic jars made domestically in Georgia would have been a lot easier both logistically and financially; yet here at Eclipse we take on a quality first approach. We believe that Georgian grape varieties as well as European grapes grown in Georgia will be able to compete with the main wine producers in Europe due to our rich history of wine making and thousands of soil types available for our usage. We use Bucher-Vaslin equipment in our processes, Limousin oak barrels for our barrel wine and Impruneta qvevri jars as a belief that quality is not to be sacrificed”.

Tinajería pottery

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family workshop in Torrejoncillo, north of Caceres, goes back seven generations. three are still working, father, Antonio Moreno, two sons, Antonio and Juan Carlos, and at least one grandson that I saw, but as I wasn’t introduced to the three guys making pots, one of them, the skinny one with the beanie hat, could likely be another grandson.

http://janewheeler.co.uk/blog/blog/2009/01/08/tinajeria/

The cone, the sphere, the ellipsoid, the tulip, the truncated pyramid – wine vats come in a bewildering array of shapes these days, but none has made as much of an impact on the 21st-century wine world as the egg.

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The cone, the sphere, the ellipsoid, the tulip, the truncated pyramid – wine vats come in a bewildering array of shapes these days, but none has made as much of an impact on the 21st-century wine world as the egg. The advantages of the egg-shaped vessel are several. As carbon dioxide rises through the must during fermentation, the ovoid shape creates a convection current – like a natural pump-over – which facilitates homogeneity of the must and uniform fermentations.

If the wine remains in the egg for maturation, that current continues. Werner Michlits of Meinklang in Austria explains that as heavier molecules in the wine polymerise, they sink to the bottom of the vessel and push lighter ones upwards. This creates a continuous battonage, increasing lees contact and enhancing the wine’s texture. Benefiting from the flavour neutrality and micro-oxygenating properties of the materials they are made of (concrete, clay, high-vitrification ceramics), eggs also promote fruit purity and aromatics. https://imbibe.com/news/its-all-ova-now-the-rise-of-egg-fermenters/

While concrete is by far the most common material for egg-shaped wine vessels, it’s not the only one. In 2012 an American company, Flextank, launched the first egg-shaped vessels made from durable oxygen-permeable polyethylene. They’re relatively cheap – the Orion 20hl egg tank costs $2,525 (£2,014), compared to a Nomblot 17hl egg that costs €6,100 (£5,515). Recyclable and easy to clean, Flextanks are built to last up to 20 years – that’s more than double the life of oak barrels.

They also come in heavyweight and lightweight options, which, the manufacturer says, simulate the micro-oxygenation processes of neutral and two-year-old oak barrels, respectively. Slovakian producer Slobodne has reported early positive results from its two Flextanks, which have joined its handsome collection of qvevris and tinajas. If you’re a winery with money to burn, you can also invest in the Rolls-Royce of egg-shaped vats – the Taransaud Ovum.

Launched in 2010, this 20hl vessel is priced at €45,000 (£38,984) and has been snapped up by wineries across the world, including Domaine de Chevalier in Bordeaux, Drappier in Champagne, Biblia Chora in Northern Greece and Tony Bish Wines in Napier, New Zealand. When it comes to wine quality, however, the Taransaud Ovum may not be the last word. The best material for ovoid containers, according to Australian master craftsman Philip Sedgman, is ceramic. Sedgman is an expert in flowform structures – water-flow devices associated with biodynamics. His elegant 675l Magnum 675 ceramic egg, priced at AUD$6,750 (£3,882), was inspired by the ‘Natural Selection Theory’ group of winemakers: Tom Shobbrook, James Erskine, Sam Hughes and Anton Von Klopper.

 

What happens inside the egg?

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the currently prevailing theory holds that the heat of the ferment creates a torus vortex of convection currents (similar to the form of a mushroom cloud) within the egg. This moves the fermenting must or maturing wine around without intervention. Liquid near the surface of the container cools and gently sinks, unimpeded by corners. The liquid in the middle holds its temperature, but is gently pushed upwards. It then comes closer to the container surface, begins to cool and continues the process. The lack of corners in the container mean there are no “dead areas” and so homogeneity within the wine

Concrete egg

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if you love the winemaking traditions of the Caucasus, you might argue that the egg fermenter never left.

Like most questions when it comes to wine, the answer is most likely to be a matter of taste. So comparing the fermentation methods of different wineries is the best way to determine if the egg is worth the squeeze.

However, the answer to one penetrating question is clear. What came first, the barrel or the egg? Clearly the egg.

An ancient technique, probably adopted first by the people living in today’s Georgia, namely those to whom recent archaeological discoveries attribute the spread of “Vitis Vinifera” throughout continental Europe.

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An ancient technique, probably adopted first by the people living in today’s Georgia, namely those to whom recent archaeological discoveries attribute the spread of “Vitis Vinifera” throughout continental Europe. Several thousand years later, this methodology has been rediscovered and many winemaking realities have launched themselves into this adventure; in fact, this type of container allows micro-oxygenation just like wooden barrels, but unlike the latter, it does not release aromas, allowing the wine to express the varietal characteristics of the grape.

There are many producers who use ceramics, stoneware or other mysterious mixtures for their production of wine jars. I believe that the real Jars or Amphorae, wherever they are made in the world, are those produced in terracotta. The rest are only copies … which, by all means, can work very well, but have little to do with the ancient tradition and the charm of the authentic terracotta vessels. Even the results are quite different, in fact terracotta “breathes” while jars made from ceramics, stoneware or similar, are closer to concrete or steel. Today, terracotta amphorae producers are springing up in America, France, China, etc. I think it’s great that a material like terracotta, which seemed destined to almost disappear has become a protagonist once more!

Five questions for…Leonardo Parisi, producer of terracotta amphorae for wine

Oregon made qvevri

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Andrew and Annedria Beckham are the owners of Beckham Estate Vineyards in Sherwood, Oregon, where Andrew is the winemaker. Unique to Beckham Estate Vineyards, Andrew Beckham blends his two passions, wine and art, using Amphorae. Amphorae are terra cotta vessels used as part of an ancient tradition of winemaking in terra cotta vessels, thought to originate in the Republic of Georgia. This is part two of the Beckham oral history interviews. This interview takes place at Union Wine Co. in Tualatin, Oregon where Beckham stores and makes his wine. In this interview, Beckham tells about his experiences using Amphorae. To access more material in this collection, please visit Digital Commons at http://digitalcommons.linfield.edu/ow…. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BB1MW2kB3a4

A Comparison of In-Amphorae ( Qvevri ) Winemaking to Barrels/Barriques in Chardonnay Wine

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Selected Results

Chemical analysis of the Chardonnay grapes at harvest resulted in the following values: 21.9oBrix sugar content, 7.60g/L titratable acidity, 2.25g/L malic acid, and 3.17 pH.
Only the dry extract and volatile acidity were statistically significantly different between the different wines (though there were some value differences that didn’t quite make it to statistical significance).
The researchers confirmed the higher dry extract in amphorae wines was due to the pomace cap maceration process.
The amphorae wines showed higher volatile acidity, straw color, and perception of tannin compared to the barrel and barrique wines.
Barrel and barrique wines showed higher vanilla flavor than amphorae wines.
Amphorae wines showed lower titratable acidity than the barrel or barrique wines (not statistically significant).
Volatile acidity was higher in barrique wines than barrel wines.
Malolactic fermentation was complete much faster in amphorae wines than barrel or barrique wines.
This again, according to the researchers, might be explained by the pomace cap, since there might have been wild lactic acid bacteria present, thus helping the process along faster than without the extra bacteria.
Lactic acid levels were more or less similar between the three wines at the end of the winemaking process.
Sensory analysis revealed:
Amphorae wines had a “mature scent”, fewer green characteristics, and fewer Chardonnay varietal characteristics. Tannins were “elegant” and the wine had a “pleasing taste” (higher than the barrel or barrique wines). A spicy scent was noted, as well as a lack of vanilla character.
Barrique wines had a lot of vanilla tones, and exhibited strong Chardonnay varietal characteristics. Characteristics noted were “fresh, harmony, and a remarkable woody flavor”. The panelists made a note to possibly blend this wine with the other wines to take the woody/oak characteristics down a notch.
Barrel wines possessed the most Chardonnay varietal characteristics, and were considered to be the most balanced with spice, light oak, and vanilla character in addition to the fruit character. Panelists noted it was “full, balanced, fruity” and had a “persistent flavor”.

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